Trouble in the Other Golden Triangle

Slowly as the years go on,

You lose friends you never thought you would.

Xzavier Zulu, Kushandwizdom

I was told in early September following the conclusion of the “historic” Union Peace Conference (21st  Century Panglong),  United Wa State Army (UWSA) leaders had expressed their displeasure with its closest ally Mongla,  officially known as National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA), for sending delegation led by its supreme leader Sai Leun aka Lin Mingxian himself to participate in the conference. The UWSA meanwhile had dispatched only a mission led by Hsarm Lawd, Tachilek based head of the liaison office, who returned after attending the opening ceremony on 31 August, when he charged his hosts of discriminate treatment.

Build relationship, not dams

The best would be if this country adopted a more regional perspective, which would be more in line with federalism. So instead of thinking about the big national grid, maybe look at electricity on a regional basis, then support the people in the region where the dam is located. Dams with an output of 600 or 800 MW are medium dams, not small, but something that is realist here, and I think if it is done well, there will be more investors.

Nationalism, federalism and ethnic-centered political framework in Myanmar: The Case for Local Autonomy and Ethnic State’s Governance

The 21st Panglong Peace Conference has been completed in Myanmar. The public expects genuine peace, unity, liberty and equity by the end of the conference. The four day assembly was also widely reported in the local, national and international press. Leaders, delegates and speakers have given their best shot at achieving peace, unity and prosperity but harmony within people across the nation must be observed. Clashes of principle, ideology, framework and proposal for a new formation of a ‘democratic federal union’ have appeared but the door is open for further debate and discussion.

ANOTHER HURDLE: Last obstacle before next nationwide peace negotiation begins

After the positively hailed opening of the Union Peace Conference (UPC), also dubbed  21st Century Panglong Conference (21CPC), from 31 August to 3 September, the continued onus to hold an all-inclusive nationwide peace process within six months is again faced with another hurdle, as the joint committee member for convening 21CPC Khin Zaw Oo, on the closing day of the conference told the journalists, that in order to participate in national level political dialogue, which is due to be started as soon as possible reportedly within a month, the non-signatory Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs) would have to sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) first.

DEMAND OF NEW NATIONAL STATES: A challenge that is unavoidable

One controversial and visible challenge coming out of the recently finished 21st Century Panglong Conference (21CPC) is the demand for the status of new national state and this has created a big headache for the power-holders of Nay Pyi Taw and as well, for the Shan – the majority non-Bamar ethnic population who called themselves “Tai” – political and armed groups, on how to handle and tackle this delicate and sensitive issue.

AFTERMATH OF 21ST CENTURY PANGLONG: Positive symbolism throws the door of earnest negotiations wide open

The Union Peace Conference – 21st Century Panglong (UPC-21CP), held from 31 August to 3 September, was supposed to be Aung San Suu Kyi’s deliberation of her major policy realization to end the decades-long ethnic conflict, based on all-inclusiveness and level playing field that would be able to lift Burma out of it  woes and to recalibrate back to normalcy and eventual development of the country. A condition and an atmosphere, without which would be impossible to make it happen.

Fixing the Broken Union of Burma; the armed ethnic leaders’ last step to political legitimacy and the case of constitutional power for the ethnic states in the modern era

Preamble: We, the people of Burma, including the frontier areas and the Karenni states, are determined to establish in strength and unity a sovereign independent state, to maintain social order on the basis of the eternal principles of justice, liberty and equality and to guarantee and secure to all citizens justice social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship, vocation, association and action; equality of status, of opportunity and before the law, in our constituent assembly this tenth day of Thadingyut waxing, 1309 b.e. (twenty-fourth day of September, 1947 a.d.), do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution. (Ref: Constitution of Burma, 1947)

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